The Desert Island

Most of us have formed an unrealistic picture of life on a desert island. We sometimes imagine a desert island to be a sort of paradise where the sun always shines. Life there is simple and good. Ripe fruit falls from the trees and you never have to work. The other side of the picture is quite the opposite. Life on a desert island is wretched. You either starve to death or live like Robinson Crusoe, Waiting for a boat which never comes. Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures, but few us have had the opportunity to find out.
Two men who recently spent five days on a coral island wished they had stayed there longer. They were taking a badly damaged boat from the Virgin Islands to Miami to have it repaired. During the journey, their boat began to sink. They quickly loaded a small rubber dinghy with food, matches, and cans of beer and rowed for a few miles across the Caribbean until they arrived at a tiny coral island. There were hardly any trees on the island and there was no water, but this did not prove to be a problem. The men collected rainwater in the rubber dinghy. As they had brought a spear gun with them, they had plenty to eat. They caught lobster and fish every day,and, as one of them put it ‘ate like kings’. When a passing tanker rescued them five days later, both men were genuinely sorry that they had to leave.

New words and expressions :
desert island
荒岛
unrealistic
adj. 不真实
paradise
n. 天堂,乐士
wretched
adj. 可怜的,艰苦
starve
v. 挨饿
element
n. 成分
opportunity
n. 机会
coral
n. 珊瑚
Virgin Islands
维尔京群岛
Miami
n. 迈阿密(美国最南的城市)
dinghy
n. 救生筏,小船
Caribbean
n. 加勒比海
spear gun
捕鱼枪
lobster
n. 龙虾
tanker
n. 油轮
genuinely
adv. 由衷地

What’s the weather like today

vocabulary:

climate 气候
weather 天气
typhoon 台风
tornado 龙卷风
windy 刮风的
cloudy 阴天的
sunny 晴朗的
snowy 下雪的
showery 阵雨
foggy 有雾的
storm 暴风雨
sand storm沙尘暴
thunder hail 雷冰雹
snow 雪
rain 雨
shower 阵雨
storm 暴风雨
thunder storm 雷
beautiful day 好天气
例句:It’s a beautiful day.今天天气很好.
lovely day 好天气
例句:It’s a lovely day.今天天气很好.
nice day 好天气
例句:It’s a nice day.今天天气很好.
downpour 倾盆大雨
例句:We had a downpour.我们刚遇到了一场倾盆大雨.
drizzle 毛毛雨
例句:It’s drizzling.
sprinkle 毛毛雨
例句:It’s just sprinkling.只是在下毛毛雨而已.
shower 阵雨
windy 刮风的
breezy 有微风的
snow 雪
sleet 冰雹
例句:We had 3 inches of snow and sleet last week.上个星期下了三英寸的雪和冰雹.
icy 地面结冰的
What’s the weather like today?
hot炎热
warm温暖
cold冷
cool冻
sunny阳光灿烂的
cloudy多云的
rainy下雨的
snowy下雪的
windy刮风的
wet潮湿
dry干旱
foggy多雾
heavy fog n.浓雾,重雾
thick fog 浓雾(一级能见度)大雾
water fog 水雾,水态雾
humid潮湿的

Topic:Hobbies

When you want to get to know someone, ask about their hobbies and interests. Talking about hobbies means you can share details about yourself – and discover shared interests and free-time activities.
Here are some phrases you can use:
Questions you can ask
What do you like doing?
What sort of hobbies do you have?
What do you get up to in your free time?
How to reply
In my free time I…
When I have some spare time I…
When I get the time, I…
I relax by watching TV / listening to music, etc.
My hobbies are bird-watching / playing sport, etc.
I’m interested in (+ noun / gerund)
I’m keen on (+ noun / gerund)
I’m into (+ noun / gerund)
I enjoy (+ noun / gerund)
You can add “really” or “quite” after “I’m…” for emphasis.
“I’m really keen on football.”
“I’m really into geneaology.”
Talking about hobbies in more detail
You can give more information about your hobbies and interests:
“I like arts and crafts. I’m a creative / practical person, and like doing things with my hands.”
“I’m an outgoing person, and like socialising / hanging out with friends.”
“I enjoy being physically active, and spend a lot of time playing sports and team games.”
Saying why you like your hobby
You can also explain why you spend time on your hobby to make the conversation longer and more interesting.
“I really enjoy going to the gym because…”
…it keeps me fit.
…it gets me out of the house, you know!
…it’s sociable. I’ve met lots of new people.
…it gives me something interesting to do with my time.
…it’s not very expensive, and anyone can do it!
“My hobbies are all creative…”
… I’ve always enjoyed painting and drawing.
… Because my job is technical, it’s good to spend time doing something completely different.
… I enjoy spending time making things like clothes.
More words that you can use to describe your hobbies:
creative
fascinating
practical
cheap
enjoyable
relaxing
different
unusual
Like doing vs like to do
We use like + gerund (ing form) to talk about general likes:
I like fishing.
We use like + infinitive to talk about more specific likes:
I like to go fishing at the weekend.
Talking About Hobbies Quiz
Level: Elementary and above
1. Someone asks you, ”What do you like doing in your __ time?”
  •  own
  •  spare
2. You answer, ”When I __ any free time, I like going to the cinema.”
  •  have
  •  make
3. You ask, ”Is there anything in particular you’re interested __?”
  •  in
  •  on
4. If someone asks you that, you can reply ”I’m really __ sports.”
  •  in
  •  into
5. You want to say a bit more about your hobby. For example, ”I like playing tennis because it keeps me __”
  •  athletic
  •  fit
6. Here’s another example to talk more about your hobby. ”I’m quite __ and I like hanging out with my friends at the weekend.”
  •  friendly
  •  sociable
7. Here’s another example you can use to describe a hobby: ”Painting is quite a __ hobby.”
  •  artistic
  •  creative
8. If you like an activity like fishing, you can say ”You need a lot of __ for this.”
  •  patience
  •  waiting
9. You can also ask people about their hobbies. For example, ”Do you have an __ hobby?”
  •  uncommon
  •  unusual
10. Don’t forget to make a comment if someone tells you about an interesting hobby. You can say, ”That sounds __!”
  •  fascinating
  •  lovely

Centigrade And Fahrenheit

表示温度时:
温度用基数词+degree(s)+单位(centigrade摄氏或Fahrenheit华氏)表示.

thirty-six degrees centigrade或 36℃ 摄氏 36度

four degrees below zero centigrade或 -4℃ 摄氏零下4度

Water freezes at thirty-two degrees Fahrenheit.水在华氏三十二度时结冰.

Water boils at one hundred degrees centigrade. 水在摄氏一百度时沸腾.

这里的单位词在人们都很清楚是什么度量制度时,可以省略.
You are 37℃.(读作 thirty-seven degrees) 你是三十七度.(摄氏)
It’s seven degrees below zero. 今天是零下七度.(摄氏)